The standards

Picto standard EN 1149-5

Employer’s obligations

Article R.4321-4 of the labor code

“The employer shall provide workers, as necessary, with appropriate personal protective equipment and, where the particularly unhealthy or dirty nature of the work so requires, with appropriate work clothing. He shall ensure that they are used effectively”.

Article R.4323-95 of the labor code

“The personal protective equipment and work clothes mentioned in article R. 4321-4 are provided free of charge by the employer, who ensures their proper functioning and maintenance in a satisfactory hygienic condition through the necessary maintenance, repairs and replacements. These provisions do not preclude the conditions of supply of personal protective equipment provided for in article L. 1251-23, for temporary employees.

Article L.4122-2 of the Labor Code

“Measures taken in the field of occupational health and safety must not entail any financial burden for workers.”

Reinforced constraints on safety clothing known as PPE

Article R.4322-1 and 2 of the Labour Code

With regard to PPE, the employer is obliged to ensure that it is maintained in a state of compliance and to replace all deteriorated PPE.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is also subject to a reinforced cleaning traceability obligation. In the event of an inspection, the employer must provide an up-to-date record of the number of cleanings performed on each garment…

Protective clothing against heat and flames

11612: Clothing with limited flame spread properties where the wearer may be exposed to heat emitted by: radiation, convection, contact or molten metal projection

Performance Coding:

  • A: Limited flame spread
  • B: Convective heat
  • C: Radiant heat
  • D : Projections of molten aluminum
  • E : Projections of molten iron
  • F : Contact heat

Protective clothing used during welding & related techniques

Clothing designed to protect against: small splashes of molten metal, short-term contact with a flame, radiant heat from the arc or splash of molten metal, accidental short-term contact with a live part of a welding unit (100V max)

Performance coding in the form :

  • A: limited flame spread
  • Class 1: low risk
  • Class 2: higher risks

Choice of class according to :

  1. the welding technique used
  2. Conditions and environment

Protective clothing against the thermal hazards of an electric arc

– Clothing designed to protect against the thermal risks of an electric arc during live work.

– The ATPV value represents the maximum thermal energy that can be sustained by the garment before the user suffers second degree burns.

– The EBT value represents the highest value of energy exposure that a fabric can withstand before showing signs of failure.

⚠ Protective clothing alone is not sufficient protection and must be combined with other protective equipment (gloves, helmets, visor…).

These garments are not insulating, so they do not protect against the risk of electrocution.

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals

These protective garments are designed for use where there is likely to be exposure to light sprays or splashes of liquid chemicals, against which a total barrier is not required.

Two sub-classifications:

  • Type 6 (whole body) Ex. Suit or inseparable set Jacket & Pants
  • PB 6 (a part of the body) Ex. Separable jacket or pants.

4 types of chemicals tested – Repulsion & penetration

  1. Sulfuric Acid 30
  2. Sodium hydroxide (Caustic soda) 10
  3. Butanol-1 (Alcohol)
  4. O-Xylene (Hydrocarbon)

⚠ A water-repellent treatment requires re-impregnation by a professional launderer with each wash

Electrostatic discharge protection clothing

Clothing whose fabrics and design, alongside a grounding system, avoids inflammatory discharges in explosive atmospheres.

  • Electrostatic properties achieved by treatment or addition of conductive fibres (stainless steel, carbon etc.)
  • EN ISO 20345:2004 standard A antistatic footwear
  • Keep garment in contact with skin – Collar/cuffs or a grounding band.
  • No badges

⚠ These requirements may not be sufficient in some oxygen-rich atmospheres or in some ATEX Gas/Dust areas.
This standard does not apply to protection against voltage.

High visibility clothing

High-visibility clothing is intended to make its wearers perceptible to drivers of vehicles or other mechanical equipment in all light conditions, day or night, in the light of a vehicle’s headlights.

The class of the garment is determined using 2 criteria:

  • Fluorescent fabric surface (Yellow, Orange or Red)
  • The surface of retroreflective strips or materials

⚠ Attention to the rules for marking high visibility clothing. If a fluorescent fabric area is covered, the garment may be downgraded.

Protective garments against wet weather

Protective clothing designed to protect against bad weather (rain, snow), fog and ground humidity.

Performance coding in the form of two indices:

  • X – Water penetration resistance class from 1 to 3
  • Y – Evaporative resistance class from 1 to 3

These garments must have taped seams

Protective clothing for cool climates

Protective clothing designed to protect the body against moderately cold environments – Temperature down to -5°C

Performance coding in the form of 5 indices:

  • Y Thermal resistance class – Rct
  • Y Air Permeability Class (optional) – AP
  • Y Water penetration resistance class (optional) – WP
  • Y Insulation value (optional) – Moving dummy test – Icler
  • Y Insulation value (optional) – Motionless dummy test – Icle

X indicates that the article of clothing has not been tested

Protective clothing against the cold (temperature below -5°C)

Protective clothing designed to protect the body against cold environments – Humidity and wind with temperatures below -5°C

Performance coding in the form of 4 indices:

  • Y Insulation value – Moving dummy test – Icler
  • Y Insulation value – Motionless dummy test – Icle
  • Y Air Permeability Class – AP
  • Y Water penetration resistance class (optional) – WP

X indicates that the article of clothing has not been tested

PPE – Knee protection for kneeling work

This equipment is designed to protect people working on their knees.

4 Types of protection :

  1. Type 1: Knee protectors that are independent of any clothing and are fixed around the leg.
  2. Type 2: Plastic foam inserted in pockets on the pant legs.
  3. Type 3: Equipment that is not attached to the body but is put in place when the user moves. They can be provided for each knee or for both knees together.
  4. Types 4: Accessories with additional functions, such as a frame to help you stand up or kneel down.

3 Levels of protection :

  • Level 0: flat floors – no penetration resistance required.
  • Level 1: flat floors – penetration resistance of at least 100 N.
  • Level 3: Severe conditions, penetration resistance of at least 250 N

⚠ The EN 14404 Standard tests a knee pocket/knee pad assembly.

It specifies the performance of this set. The performances indicated on the garment are therefore only valid if the correct knee brace is used.

Limited flame spread clothing

14116: Clothing designed to protect against occasional and short duration contact with small flames in conditions that do not present a significant thermal hazard and in the absence of other types of heat.

Performance Coding

  • Limited flame spread index (1 to 3)
  • Durability index = number of washes
  • Type of washing: H: domestic washing, I: industrial washing, C: dry cleaning
  • Washing temperature

Markings must be compatible with the standard

Protective clothing against phytopharmaceutical products

The standard in detail

These suits are intended to protect workers exposed to plant protection products under certain conditions of use and maintenance.
These suits must be specifically dedicated to activities involving exposure to plant protection products. For easy identification, the pictogram is placed on the flap of the pocket located on the left leg.
They include a CE-marked PPE sticker with a table with 30 boxes to keep track of washings (maximum 30 cycles).
Like all PPE, they are supplied with instructions for use, specifying in particular that this PPE must not be washed simultaneously with other work or family clothing.

Developed in partnership with BASF and tested with farm operators during the 2016 campaign, this new clothing PPE was designed with the main objective of providing much more comfort than the current limited-use chemical suits. This suit is finally a protective equipment adapted for the user of phytopharmaceutical products, made of a 100% French fabric.

Important: for the mixing-loading and cleaning phases of the sprayer, it is necessary to wear a chemical protection apron over the suit EN iso 27065 : 2017 Level C3.

CEPOVETT Safety assumes its responsibility in the management of the end of life of the products by adhering to the program ADIVALOR.

Clothing compatible with industrial maintenance

In order for work clothes to be compatible with industrial maintenance, they must pass the tests of the ISO 15797 standard.
PPE must comply with the “PRO” washing symbols (see above) which means professional industrial laundry.

– The most frequent process is 75/160: 75°C in washing, 155°C in drying
– The blackened numbered box indicates the type of washing
– Most frequently used wash (especially for PPE): program 8
– Empty box = the tunnel cannot be used

High Visibility Clothing

The context: The EN 17353 standard determines the design of professional and non-professional clothing with retroreflective strips and fluorescent material not included in the High Visibility clothing standard EN 20471.
There are no longer distinctions between professional and non-professional VTs as in EN ISO 20471

Risk: Enhanced visualization equipment is intended to make users more noticeable in moderate risk situations regardless of daylight conditions or illumination by vehicle headlights or spotlights in the dark

This risk has resulted in the design and implementation of the standard: EN 17353